7 And there was war in heaven, Michael and his angels waging war with the dragon. The dragon and his angels waged war, 8 and they were not strong enough, and there was no longer a place found for them in heaven.
And there was war in heaven—in the spiritual dimension, after Christ’s victory on the cross. John 12:31: “Now judgment is upon this world; now the ruler of this world will be cast out.” Sequentially verses 7-9 happen before verse 6, in which the Ekklesia flee into the wilderness.
Michael and his angels waging war with the dragon—Jesus, or perhaps an archangel named Michael, warred against Satan, the dragon.
The dragon and his angels waged war—the fallen angels allied with Satan; per Verse 4, 1/3 of the angels rebelled.
9 And the great dragon was thrown down, the serpent of old who is called the devil and Satan, who deceives the whole world; he was thrown down to the earth, and his angels were thrown down with him.
He was thrown down to the earth, and his angels were thrown down with him—Satan and the angels that followed him were cast out of Heaven, to Earth, after their rebellion.
10 Then I heard a loud voice in heaven, saying, “Now the salvation, and the power, and the kingdom of our God and the authority of His Christ have come, for the accuser of our brethren has been thrown down, he who accuses them before our God day and night.
Now the salvation, and the power, and the kingdom of our God and the authority of His Christ have come—Now=after Christ’s victory and Satan’s defeat; Salvation by faith, power to believe, the kingdom of God demonstrated and authority to overcome has been given to the new covenant Ekklesia.
The accuser of our brethren has been thrown down—Satan. He accused believers before God continually, but because of Christ’s victory on the cross, Satan’s accusatory abilities have been severely hampered since he is no longer allowed in Heaven.
11 And they overcame him because of the blood of the Lamb and because of the word of their testimony, and they did not love their life even when faced with death.
Overcame him—Overcame Satan
The word of their testimony—of a changed life, of a personal walk with Yeshua
They did not love their life even when faced with death—they loved Jesus even more than their own life
12 For this reason, rejoice, O heavens and you who dwell in them. Woe to the earth and the sea, because the devil has come down to you, having great wrath, knowing that he has only a short time.
For this reason, rejoice, O heavens and you who dwell in them—the residents of Heaven, the “great cloud of witnesses” (Heb 12:1) applaud the exploits of the faithful Ekklesia.
Woe to the earth—Representing the “solid” portion of humanity, especially when contrasted with the sea (Pro 8:29; Isa 11:9; Luk 21:25; Rev 21:1), from which the second beast would arise (Rev 13:11); the earth is the “fruitful” portion of the earth (Gen 1:11).
and the sea—Representative of fallen humanity (Psa 65:7, Jud 1:13), teeming with monsters (Psa 148:7), from which the first beast would come (Rev 13:1).
know that he has only a short time—There is a definite end; Satan is aware that he will be locked up for 1000 years.
13And when the dragon saw that he was thrown down to the earth, he persecuted the woman who gave birth to the male child.
Dragon…thrown down to the earth—after Jesus’ victory over him (Rev 12:10,11)
He persecuted the woman—spiritual Israel, the singular people of God, His bride, including the church.
who gave birth to the male child—Yeshua the Son.
14But the two wings of the great eagle were given to the woman, so that she could fly into the wilderness to her place, where she was nourished for a time and times and half a time, from the presence of the serpent.
But the two wings of the great eagle were given to the woman—the great eagle’s wings represent God’s provision of rescue and protection, as in Exodus 19:4: “You yourselves have seen what I did to the Egyptians, and how I bore you on eagles’ wings.” The woman—this is post-resurrection, and as such the woman here is the NT church, the Ekklesia.
fly into the wilderness to her place—the home of the Ekklesia in this world, a place of protection from the pursuing enemy, Egypt/the world; a place of dependence on God, supernatural provision (she was nourished) and nearness of His presence; a place of testing—think of Israel leaving Egypt, Elijah, Jesus and Paul.
for a time and times and half a time—representing 3 ½ years, 1260 days, 42 months and most probably 1260 years; see comments on Rev 12:6.
15And the serpent poured water like a river out of his mouth after the woman, so that he might cause her to be swept away with the flood.
Water like a river–multitudes of people
16But the earth helped the woman, and the earth opened its mouth and drank up the river which the dragon poured out of his mouth.
Earth=death, burial of people Satan used to persecute the woman
17So the dragon was enraged with the woman, and went off to make war with the rest of her children, who keep the commandments of God and hold to the testimony of Jesus.