The Feasts of the Lord are described in Leviticus 23, and are a fascinating and frankly stunning example of ‘types and shadows’ seen in the Bible–the foreshadowing via similitude between symbolic, Old Testament (Tenakh) practices and New Testament fulfillments. The Feasts, or Appointed Times, in short, describe both the exact time of occurrence and achievements of prophesied coming Messiah, in addition to commemorating historic events in the history of Israel.
The LORD (YHWH) spoke again to Moses, saying, 2 “Speak to the sons of Israel and say to them, ‘The LORD’S (YHWH’s) appointed times (“Feasts” מועד mow`ed) which you shall proclaim as holy convocations—My appointed times are these…(v1&2)
- Passover (Pesach, v5, Exo 12:1-13) Month 1 (Nisan—usually March-April) 14th day—An unblemished male lamb to be slain at ‘twilight’ (“between the evenings”, 3 pm) blood on door posts; roast and eat that night, none left until morning. Leaving Egypt, a type of ‘the World’ and Pharoah, a type of Satan. Yeshua died at 3 pm (Mt 27:45) on Passover (Mk 14:12, Jn 19:31) saying “It is Finished” (Jn 19:30), the same words the High Priest spoke, at the very same time Yeshua was dying, as the Passover lamb’s throat was cut by the high priest’s knife on the temple altar in Jerusalem (Exo 12:6).
- Unleavened Bread (Hag HaMatzah, v6-8, Exo 12:14-20) Month 1 (Nisan—usually March-April) 15th day—No leaven (yeast) is to be found in your house for 7 days; in remembrance of having to leave Egypt “in haste”, “the bread of affliction” (Duet 16:3). Yeshua was buried on Nisan 15, the first day of unleavened bread; He is ‘the bread of life’ (Jn 6:35), born in Beit Lechem, Bethlehem, ‘the house of bread’; He had no sin, no ‘leaven’.
- First Fruits (Bikkurim, v9-14) Month 1 (Nisan—usually March-April) first day following the Sabbath during Unleavened Bread, about the 17th or 18th day, always a Sunday. The theme is “resurrection & salvation”—Noah’s ark rests on Mount Ararat (Gen 8:4), Israel crosses Red Sea (Exo 14), Israel ate the yield of Canaan and the manna ceased (Josh 10:12). Yeshua was resurrected (Jn 12:24, 1 Cor 15:16-20)—He is first born of God (Heb 1:6), of Mary (Mt 1:23-25), of every creature (Col 1:15), of many brethren (Rom 8:29). He is the “first fruits” of those to be resurrected (1 Cor 15:20…)
- Weeks, or Pentecost (Shavuot, v15-22) 50 days, or the day after the 7th Sabbath from ‘First Fruits’, also always a Sunday (the 6th day of Sivan, usually May or June). It is a celebration of the receiving of the Law (Torah, actually “instruction” or “teaching”)—in the third month after Israel left Egypt they arrived in the Sinai Desert and camped in front of Mt. Sinai (Exo 19). The Holy Spirit was given on the Day of Pentecost as described in Acts Chapter 2.
|Giving of the Law||Giving of the Holy Spirit|
|50th day||50th day|
|Written on tablets of stone (Exo 24:12)||Written on our hearts (Jer 31:33; Psm 40:8; 37:31; Is 51:7; Ezek 11:19-20; 36:22-27; 2 Cor 3:3; Heb 8:10)|
|Written by the finger of God (Exo 31:18)||Written by the Spirit of God (2 Cor 3:3; Heb 8:10)|
|3,000 slain (Exodus 32:1-8,26-28)||3,000 saved (Acts 2:38-41)|
|The letter of ‘the Law’||The spirit of the Law (Rom 2:29, 7:6)|
|Mt. Sinai (Exo 19:11, Heb 12:18-21)||Mt. Zion (Rom 11:26, Heb 12:22)|
These conclude the first four of seven ‘Feasts’, or ‘Appointed Times’, of YHWH. It is important to note that they are “of YHWH” and not “of Israel” or “of the Jews”. They speak to us as well. Note that:
- These are the Spring Feasts, which speaks of new life.
- Yeshua fulfilled the meaning of each Feast on the very day of the particular Feast.
- There are seven Feasts as there are seven days of the week and seven days of creation. Perhaps 2 Pet 3:8 is a key—“one day is like a thousand years”; and if the ‘Millennium’ is the last literal 1,000 years (Rev 20:4-6), then do the first 6 days of the week represent 6,000 years of the ‘natural’ Earth, with the 7th, Sabbath year being the 1,000 year Millennium with Yeshua physically present on Earth? If this bears out, then Yeshua came near the end of the 4,000th year (4th day), and fulfilled the first four of seven Feasts all in the same year.
- Per Jewish reckoning we are nearing the end of 6,000 years of history (currently year 5,771 by most accounts; www.torahcalendar.com has us in year 5,997).
- The last 3 concluding Feasts occur in the Fall, after the Summer ‘harvest’, the time we are currently in (Jn 4:35).
- The last 3 feasts also coincide with prophesied, future fulfillments by the Messiah (Moshiach) Yeshua. Will He fulfill them on the very days, in some future year?