Christians agree that “there is only one God, and He is creator of everything.” That is not up for debate. It is the nature of God that we disagree about.
We also agree that Jesus is a prophet. For instance, He correctly prophesied the destruction of Jerusalem (see Luke 21:20-24). He also prophesied the martyrdom of Peter and the fact that John would die a natural death (John 21:18-24). All three of these prophecies came true.
But Jesus is more than a prophet. He is both the Son of God and God in the flesh. Twice in Matthew 26 alone he declared this to be the case. Remember, we are dealing with a 1st Century Jew, not a 21st Century Westerner. The Bible was written in the 1st Century, and we need to understand what is being said in that context.
- Jesus was asked by the Jewish High Priest: “Tell us whether You are the Christ, the Son of God”? (v63) His reply: “You have said it” (v64). In other words, “you got it right.”
- He confirms the first statement by quoting from Daniel 7:13: “I tell you, hereafter you will see THE SON OF MAN SITTING AT THE RIGHT HAND OF POWER, and COMING ON THE CLOUDS OF HEAVEN.” Daniel 7:14 goes on to say “And to Him was given dominion, glory and a kingdom, that all the peoples, nations and men of every language might serve Him. His dominion is an everlasting dominion.” This is clearly speaking of God—we are to serve God and give Him glory alone; Jesus is taking this glory, therefore He is claiming to be God. We know the High Priest understood what Jesus was saying because he tore his robe and said ““He has blasphemed! What further need do we have of witnesses? Behold, you have now heard the blasphemy; what do you think?” They answered, “He deserves death!” (Matt 26:65-66).
Besides these there are dozens of other Biblical references that clearly establish that Jesus is God. A simple Google search will reveal this.Muslim Assertion #2: Christians believe in Three Gods.
Christians believe that God is as He reveals Himself to be. He has revealed Himself as “Father” in both the Old and New Testaments (OT & NT), as “Savior & Son” in both OT and NT, and as the “Santifier/In-dwelling Spirit” in both OT & NT. God the Father, God the Son, God the Holy Spirit.
I would ask Muslims: How small do you think God is? Is He unable to take the form of man? Even the Qur’an recognizes that He appeared as a man (38:75, 5:64, 53:1-18, 81:19-25, in addition to many Hadiths). Why do Muslims limit God, when their own writings show that God can appear in the form of man?Muslim Assertion #3: Jesus is the “Esa” of the Qur’an; Muslims respect Jesus and have the truth about Him.
The Islam “Esa” is a false Jesus. The word Jesus, “Yeshua” in Hebrew and “Yasu” in Arabic, does not appear anywhere in the Qur’an. To wit:
“Since Hebrew and Arabic are both Semitic languages, and they are closely related, there are certain well-known rules which sounds/letters in Hebrew correspond to which sounds/letters in Arabic. Specifically, the Hebrew letter Shin regularly turns into the Arabic letter Sin, e.g. the Hebrew word for peace, shalom, corresponds to the Arabic word salam. According to those linguistic rules and relationships between Hebrew and Arabic, Yasu’ is the proper Arabic equivalent for the Hebrew Yeshua’:
Hebrew: Yeshua ‘ = Yod + Shin + Waw + ‘Ain
Arabic: Yasu ‘ = Ya + Sin + Waw + ‘Ain”
Arabs for 6 centuries preceding Mohammad knew the correct name for Yeshua—Yasu. Why didn’t the Qur’an even once use this name?Muslim Assertion #4: The Bible was corrupted.
The Qur’an states that the Bible is God’s revelation to man. Nowhere does it state the Bible was corrupted (See Suras 2:87, 3:3, 4:163 and 5:46). This accusation was begun several centuries later. But the Qur’an contradicts what it states is God’s word, for instance it says “God forbid that He Himself should beget a son!” (Sura 19:35). Which is it? Is the Bible God’s word, or not?
Before the Qur’an was written, several complete manuscripts and many pieces of the Bible existed. Since then, by comparing current Bibles with those manuscripts we can see that the Bible has not changed.