1 Then I lifted up my eyes and looked, and behold, there was a man with a measuring line in his hand. [In v16 of Ch 1 the Angel of the LORD predicted that Jerusalem, the city of God, would be measured; the “man” in this verse is likely YHWH’s “angel”, since the man of Ch 1 was also revealed to be the Angel of YHWH]
2 So I [Zechariah] said, “Where are you going?” And he [the 1st angel, the Angel of YHWH] said to me, “To measure Jerusalem, to see how wide it is and how long it is.” [The reason will be revealed in verse 4]
3 And behold, the angel who was speaking with me [the Angel of YHWH] was going out, and another angel [a second angel] was coming out to meet him,
4 and said to him [to the 1st angel, the Angel of YHWH], “Run, speak to that young man [Zechariah], saying, ‘Jerusalem will be inhabited without walls because of the multitude of men and cattle within it [in the future it will be bursting at the seams, amazing given the few that returned from captivity to the devastated city].
5 For I’, declares the LORD,‘will be a wall of fire around her [no walls needed, YHWH will protect His people], and I will be the glory in her midst.’” [He will be present with her]
6 Ho there! Flee from the land of the north,” [the 2nd angel speaking] declares the LORD [YHWH],“for I have dispersed you as the four winds of the heavens,” declares the LORD [though the Jews slowly returned to the land of Israel, with the population zenith occurring in the 1st Century AD, this seems to be a dual prophecy concerning the 2nd, “end times” regathering prophesied by Isaiah (11:11)].
7 “Ho, Zion! [the 2nd angel speaking] Escape, you who are living with the daughter of Babylon.” [calling to others who had not yet returned, as Zechariah had]
8 For thus says the LORD [YHWH] of hosts [the 2nd angel speaking], “After glory [after YHWH is glorified by his people “they will look on Me whom they have pierced”] He [YHWH the Father] has sent me [YHWH the Son] against the nations which plunder you [Israel], for he who touches you, touches the apple of His eye.
9 For behold [the 2nd angel continuing to tell the 1st angel, the “man” who measured Jerusalem, what He is to say to Zechariah], I [YHWH the Son] will wave My hand over them so that they will be plunder for their slaves. Then you will know that the LORD of hosts [YHWH the Father] has sent Me [YHWH the Son].
10 Sing for joy and be glad, O daughter of Zion [the 2nd angel speaking]; for behold I am coming [YHWH the Son] and I will dwell in your midst,” declares the LORD [How will He do that? As a glorified man, YHWH the Son].
11 “Many nations will join themselves to the LORD in that day [the 2nd angel speaking about what YHWH would do] and will become My people [By receiving YHWH the Son]. Then I [YHWH the Son] will dwell in your midst, and you will know that the LORD of hosts [YHWH the Father] has sent Me [YHWH the Son] to you [Israel].
12 The LORD [YHWH] will possess Judah as His portion in the holy land, and will again choose Jerusalem [where YHWH will dwell bodily as Yeshua the God-man, “after glory”].
13 “Be silent, all flesh, before the LORD; for He is aroused from His holy habitation.” [YHWH will be coming to earth to dwell in Jerusalem].