Then Satan answered YHWH, “Does Job fear Elohim for nothing?
He just can’t address God by his personal name–it reminds me of Fonzie on Happy Days not being able to even say the word “wrong” as in “I was w…, I was wro…, I was wr…”
Calvinism says that God is behind both good and evil, that both bring him glory because by engineering evil He brings glory to himself when He punishes it. Calvinists then should carefully consider this verse and the implications it has for their viewpoint:
Through all this Job did not sin nor did he blame God.
God just got through allowing Satan to bring evil on Job, and Job is commended for not blaming God, i.e., saying “God did this to me.” God is not the author of evil. Evil is a consequence of bad or evil decisions made by free agents (in this case Satan, not Job). God, in His sovereignty, created beings both angelic and human with free will, otherwise the cosmos would be nothing more than a giant marionette performance (a marionette is a puppet on strings).
This verse could go either way; “sons of God” meaning angelic or human–if human, this would be, for instance, the Sabbath or a Feast day:
Again there was a day when the sons of God came to present themselves before the Lord, and Satan also came among them to present himself before the Lord.
People who believe that the “sons of God” of Gen 6:2 are angels mating with humans of course use this verse to back up their belief. I don’t think its an open and shut case; see my discussion of Gen 6.
This seems to be the critical verses in all of Job:
Then his wife said to him, “Do you still hold fast your integrity? Curse God and die!” But he said to her, “You speak as one of the foolish women speaks. Shall we indeed accept good from God and not accept adversity?” In all this Job did not sin with his lips.
Here’s the problem with Job’s friends; they assume the bad things happening to Job are because he deserved it:
“Remember now, who ever perished being innocent?
Or where were the upright destroyed?
“According to what I have seen, those who plow iniquity
And those who sow trouble harvest it.
Lesson: Don’t assume bad things happening to our friends are because they are necessarily “reaping what they sow”. That’s more of a personal lesson we apply to our own lives, not to others.